The Black Spruce
The black spruce is found all across the taiga biome. It is a tall coniferous tree that has short flimsy branches. The adaptations that make it suitable to the taiga are, waxy needles and tough bark. The wax on the needles protect them from the bitter cold of winter. The tough bark helps the tree to defend itself against predators that feast on the inside of the tree.
The myrica gale is native to northern Europe and northern North America. It is a deciduous shrub that grows one to two meters tall. It has many adaptations that enable it to live in the taiga. This gale often grows in acidic peat bogs that are very poor in nitrogen. To withstand these growing conditions, the roots of the myrica gale have nitrogen fixing actinobacteria which enable the plant to survive. The plant has a scent that repels potentially harmful insects.
The Siberian Spruce
The siberian spruce is a spruce tree that is abundant in the russia region of the taiga. It too is a tall tree that can reach up to 30 meters high. Some of its adaptations are branches that are shaped as a pyramid. This shape promotes the snow to slide of the branches to prevent branches being broken from the weight. The needles are very narrow to reduce the surface area which reduces the water loss by transpiration.
The Wild Rose
The wild rose is a deciduous shrub that grows in the Canadian and Alaskan taiga. It grows light pink flowers and red hips. The wild rose has adapted to grow thorns all over the stems and branches that prevent any animals from grazing on them.
The Jack Pine
The Jack Pine is a tree that is abundant across much of canada from the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains to Nova-Scotia. This tree rarely grows straight. This pine has waxy needles and rough bark that protect it from dehydration caused by cold winds. These features also protect it from forest fires that are common in the taiga. The branches of the Jack Pine are slim so that the heavy snow doesn't stick and break the branches.